Urdu is among the most widely spoken languages in the Indian subcontinent. Other than that, communities all over the world speak it. In total almost four million folks, speak the Urdu language.
Several factors lead to the development of Urdu language. The four most necessary of all the factors are given below.
1. Development of Urdu by speaking
The Urdu language was developed among the many soldiers of the British Military who belonged to totally different nations. The word ‘Urdu’ itself means’Military’.To communicate with one another fluently, these soldiers used to speak in an amalgam of Persian, Arabic and Turkish languages.
Nonetheless, very quickly the language reached to the Royal courts. Really, the language was simpler than the Persian language. So the Royals additionally liked it. In these instances, speaking Urdu grew to become one of many trendiest things. Quickly the Hindu inhabitants too started to speak it, by together with many Sanskrit words to the language.
2. Development of Urdu by way of poetry
The Royals of the Indian subcontinent have been very interested in the poetry. Amir Khusro was the first man who tried Urdu poetry in the 13th century. It was a huge success. However, for another century nobody prominent dared to experiment in Urdu poetry. Within the 18th and 19th century, poets gave a serious boost to the Urdu poetry. The royals too appreciated it in every way. They used to hold Mushairas in their courts and used to pay month-to-month stipends to the poets. Aside from that, they used to bestow valuables upon their favorite poets.
3. Development of Urdu by prose
Unlike the Urdu poetry, Urdu short story or novel did not turn into a trend. The main reason is that the Royals had been never interested in the reading. Nevertheless, after the decline of Mughals and in the era of the British, a really intelligent man attempted to write an Urdu novel. The name of the person was Deputy Nazir Ahmed and the name of the novel is Mirat ul Uroos. Despite the fact that it was the first novel of Urdu, the novel became an enormous success. Even at present the novel is well-liked and in demand. In fact, Deputy Nazir Ahmed may be called the first and essentially the most prestigious institution of the Urdu novel.
4. Development of Urdu by means of journalism
The Urdu journalism was late to pick up as compared to the Urdu poetry. Nonetheless, as compared to the Urdu novel it picked up quite soon. Actually, when the atrocities of the British rose gradually, many prominent Hindus and Muslims took notice. So they started month-to-month, bimonthly, and weekly digest with deal with the current affairs and political satires.
Those magazines also had a dose of the ethics and the morals to be launched among the Muslims and the Hindus both. It’s wantless to say that even the starting of the Urdu journalism contributed quite a bit to the mental awakening of the individuals of the subcontinent.
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